Ischia is a volcanic island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, at the northern end of the Gulf of Naples and is the largest island in this area. It has a surface area of 46.3 km². Ischia is almost completely mountainous, with volcanic Mount Epomeo being the highest peak at 788 meters.
Ischia Porto is the name of the main municipality of the island. Other municipalities include Barano d'Ischia, Casamicciola Terme, Forio, Lacco Ameno and Serrara Fontana.
The main industry is tourism, focusing on thermal spas that tourist clients eagerly enjoy as the fruits of the island's natural volcanic activity, its thermal hot springs, and its volcanic mud.
Not all know that the earliest example of ancient Greek alphabetic script comes from the Island of Ischia. The Nestor's Cup, a Chian wine cup, was discovered at the Pithekoussai cemetery. Bearing an inscription in Homeric meter with a reference to the Iliad, it dates to before 700 BC.
Throughout time, Ischia has been a source of inspiration for many artists. In 1948, American author Truman Capote stayed in the town of Forio on the island and wrote an essay about his stay there. Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen also lived on the island for a brief period, and is said to have finished Peer Gynt there in 1867. The film ‘The Talented Mr Ripley’ was partly filmed on the island.
Due to the large number of German tourists visiting the island each year, for many of the inhabitants on the island, German is the second language after English.